History’s strangest Islamic culture is hidden in the Mosque of Sultan Hassan. It shows how Islamic art lasted during the time of the Mamalek and is thought to be the largest and most exciting mosque ever built in Islam.
Find out how the mosque of Sultan Hassan was built and became a well-known Islamic monument that still stands today and tells the story of Egypt’s Islamic past.
The Mosque-Madrasa (school) of Sultan Hassan (also called Sultan Hassan) is a large mosque in Islamic Cairo, Egypt, and is in the historic district. During the time of the Mamluks, between 1356 and 1363, Sultan El-Nasser Hassan ordered the building of this mosque.
The mosque was necessary because of how big it was and how it was built. It is still considered one of Cairo’s most impressive historical sites.
It is essential to Cairo and Egypt but is also one of the most important buildings in the Islamic world. It is similar to how vital the pyramids of Giza are to ancient Pharaonic Egypt.
Madrasa of Sultan Hassan
Even though it is on the slopes of the Citadel of Saladin, it is easy to find Sultan Hassan’s madrasa mosque because it looks big and strong. The mosque is an excellent example of the Mamluk style of architecture.
It was built around the 14th century when Sultan Hassan was in charge, and Hassan was known for spending money in strange ways. Even though it was significant for its time, it will still look grand to visitors today.
Sultan Hassan’s mosque is also well-known because it has a more consistent style than any other large mosque in Cairo. It was a model for architecture at the time it was built. The inside is beautifully decorated, and the vast central courtyard gives the impression that the building is tall.
As was already known, the mosque was designed to look like a school or madrasa instead of just a place of worship.
Because of this, it has a cruciform shape with four study rooms, called iwans, that branch off from the inner court. Each iwan is meant to teach one of Islamic theology’s four schools of thought.
The four schools are the Hanafi, the Malakia, the Hanbali, and the Sha’fitas. ExThe fact that all four schools can be put in one area next to each other is exciting and unusual.
The building also has a place to live for more than 500 students and the teachers and staff needed to run such a high-quality and vital school.
Sultan Hassan worked hard to build a mausoleum behind the four iwan areas and the central inner courtyard. The mausoleum faces the qibla, the direction of prayer (the order in which one must turn when praying).
This building is made up of a dome that is beautifully decorated. It was strange and controversial that Sultan put the mausoleum in the direction the faithful would face when they prayed, and this is because the faithful would have been forced to beg to meet the Sultan’s body instead of Mecca. This is another sign of the Sultan’s eccentricity and tendency toward megalomania.
In any case, the mausoleum stayed empty because Sultan Hassan was killed before it was finished.
Around the Mosque of Sultan Hassan
Next to the tomb of Sultan Hassan is the mosque Al Rifai, which looks just as grand. It was built in the Mamluk style by the mother of Khedivé Ismail as the royal family’s tomb.
Here are the bodies of Ismail, King Farouk (the last ruler of Egypt), and the latest Shah of Iran, who married one of Farouk’s sisters. The Shah was buried in Cairo, where he went to seek refuge after being forced to leave Iran during the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
Curiosity about the Sultan
He came to power in Egypt twice. The first time was when he was only 13 years old, in 1347 A.D. The second time was in 1356 A.D.
When he ended the power of princes and high officials, this made them rebel against him, so the army attacked them. He is said to have run away and hidden himself.